Minerals in diet are essential for the overall functioning of the body’s organs. Like vitamins, minerals also provide assistance to your body to develop, grow and stay healthy. Minerals are used by the body to carry out different activities like the transmission of nerve impulses and the building of strong bones. Some of the minerals are also helpful in the formation of hormones and the maintenance of the heartbeat. Minerals are of two different types. These two types of minerals are trace minerals and macrominerals. Macro suggests largeness in Greek and the human body also needs a very large amount of macro minerals than trace minerals.
Product of Minerals in Diet
The macro mineral group includes calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, chloride, potassium, and sulfur. A trace of something suggests that the thing is scantily available. The human body needs trace minerals in very small numbers. Scientists are not sure as to how much of these different types of minerals people need every day. Trace minerals are iron, copper, manganese, iodine, cobalt, zinc, selenium and fluoride. Here are some of the details regarding various minerals which you get from food. These are:
Calcium – Calcium is among the top macrominerals when we talk about the growth and development of our bones. This mineral helps in the construction of strong and stout bones which will assist you in doing all types of activities like standing up straight, walking, swimming, playing, etc. Calcium also helps in the formation of strong and healthy teeth which helps you in champing various delicious dishes. Calcium is found in various products like cheese, milk, canned salmon, orange juice, crackers, yogurt, sardines with bones, cereals, green leafy vegetables like broccoli, etc.
Potassium – Potassium is one of the most required minerals in diet. It helps in keeping your nervous and muscular systems fit and active all the time. The blood and body tissues contain a large amount of water and the required amount of water in these tissues is determined and always maintained by potassium helps. It always keeps a balanced presence of water in these tissues. Some of the food products which contain potassium are bananas, tomatoes, leafy green vegetables like broccoli, dried fruits, potatoes with skins, citrus fruits, beans, peanuts, etc.
Iron – our body requires iron to carry oxygen from the lungs to all the parts of the body. The entire body needs oxygen to stay alive and healthy. Iron is considered vital for our body due to its importance in the formation of hemoglobin which is a part of the red blood cells with the help of which oxygen I carried throughout the body. Some of the food particles which have iron contents include red meat such as beef, eggs, baked potatoes with skins, leafy green vegetables like broccoli, tuna and salmon, beans, dried fruits like raisins, whole and enriched grains like oats and wheat, etc.
Zinc – Zinc is among the suitable minerals in a diet which helps the immune system. The immune system is vital for your body because it fights against infection and illness. Zinc also helps in the growth of cells and the healing of wounds, like cuts. Zinc is found in beef, lamb, pork, beans, lentils, etc.
Thus, apart from these, there are various other minerals in our diet which help us maintain a healthy body by facilitating the smooth functioning of the organs of the body.