The Jitiya festival also called Jivitputrika vrat or Jiwit putra vrat, rooted in history and steeped in reverence for maternal love, is a poignant celebration of the enduring bond between a mother and her child. As mothers fast, pray, and seek blessings for their children’s prosperity, they embody the selflessness and love that define motherhood. In an ever-changing world, Jitiya stands as a timeless reminder of the values that bind families together and the profound significance of a mother’s role in shaping her children’s lives. It is a celebration of love, devotion, and the enduring traditions that continue to enrich Indian culture and heritage.
Origin and Historical Significance of Jitiya
The Jitiya festival, a three-day-long Hindu celebration, finds its roots embedded deep in the tapestry of Indian culture and traditions. This festival celebrated from the seventh to the ninth lunar day of Krishna-Paksha in the Ashwin month (September – October), is an ode to maternal love and reflects the profound reverence accorded to motherhood.
The festival’s origin is attributed to the ancient Indian scriptures and the great epics, such as the Mahabharata and Ramayana, where the ideals of motherhood and the role of mothers were extolled. Over time, these ideals culminated in the celebration known today as Jitiya.
Beliefs and Customs
Jitiya is a festival that revolves around fasting, prayer, and rituals that showcase the unbreakable bond between a mother and her child. Mothers fast from sunrise to moonrise on the seventh day (Saptami), continuing their fast till the eighth day (Ashtami), when they perform a ceremonial bath and puja (prayer). The fast is then concluded with the breaking of the fast on the ninth day (Navami).
During this period, mothers fervently pray for the longevity, well-being, and prosperity of their children. It is believed that observing this fast and adhering to the customs of Jitiya ensures the health and happiness of their offspring.
Historical Records and Influence of Jitiya
Jitiya, with its deep historical roots, has left its imprint on Indian culture and literature. The festival is mentioned in several ancient texts and scriptures, reinforcing its cultural significance. Over the years, it has evolved to incorporate regional customs and traditions, making it a vibrant and diverse celebration.
Jitiya is predominantly celebrated in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand, where it holds a special place in the hearts of the people. Families come together to observe the fast, offer prayers, and seek blessings for their children’s future. In Nepal, the festival is celebrated with equal enthusiasm, especially among the Nepali community in West Bengal.
In today’s fast-paced world, Jitiya remains a symbol of the timeless bond between mothers and their children. It serves as a reminder of the sacrifices and love that mothers selflessly shower upon their offspring. The festival encourages reflection on the importance of family, tradition, and the enduring strength of maternal love.
The Mythical Tale of Jitiya: Honoring the Divine Motherhood
The Jitiya festival, celebrated with great fervour in northern India and Nepal, is not just a testament to maternal love but also bears the imprint of an enchanting mythical tale. This story, intertwined with the festival’s origin, adds an extra layer of depth and significance to the celebration.
The Legend of Queen Jiti
The story of Jitiya revolves around Queen Jiti, a beloved queen of King Nala. Queen Jiti was known for her unwavering devotion to Lord Krishna. Her love for the deity knew no bounds, and her dedication was legendary.
One fateful day, Queen Jiti undertook a rigorous fast as a part of her devotion to Lord Krishna. The fast was marked by her determination and her steadfast commitment to her faith. She endured the rigorous rituals and fasted without food or water.
Witnessing Queen Jiti’s unparalleled devotion and the hardships she willingly undertook, Lord Krishna was deeply moved. Pleased with her unwavering faith, he decided to bless her. In a divine gesture, Lord Krishna appeared before Queen Jiti and offered her a boon.
Humbled and overwhelmed by the divine presence, Queen Jiti requested Lord Krishna to bless all mothers with the prosperity and well-being of their children. She sought his divine intervention to safeguard the lives and futures of offspring everywhere. Her selfless prayer was not just for her own children but for all the children in the world.
Lord Krishna’s Blessing
Pleased by Queen Jiti’s noble request and her unmatched devotion, Lord Krishna granted her wish. He blessed her and all mothers, assuring them that their children would lead prosperous and healthy lives. From that day forward, the tradition of Jitiya, dedicated to maternal love and blessings, was born.
Today, the Jitiya festival carries forward this legacy of maternal love, devotion, and blessings. Mothers fast, pray, and perform rituals, seeking divine protection and prosperity for their children. The festival stands as a symbol of the enduring bond between a mother and her child, a bond so strong that it can move the heavens and invoke divine blessings.
Q. When is the Jitiya Festival 2023
Ans. The three-day Jitiya festival 2023 will be celebrated from 6th October 2023. The Ashtami Tithi Begins at 06:34 AM on 06 October 2023, and this Ashtami Tithi Ends at 08:08 AM on 07 October 2023.