HomeHealthHigh Blood Pressure - Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

High Blood Pressure – Symptoms, Causes, and Treatments

High Blood pressure is also known as hypertension, in which the body’s arteries get damaged because the blood flow against the artery wall is consequently too high. Blood pressure automatically rises and falls throughout the day. People are curious to know how much blood passes through our vessels daily. This article will provide a structure of high blood pressure’s symptoms, causes, and effects.

What is high blood pressure?

The body contains narrow blood vessels, also called arteries, responsible for blood flow; however, the narrower arteries have high blood pressure. Similarly, increased blood pressure can cause many health issues. Heart disease occurs due to high blood pressure. Moreover, the other name for high blood pressure is hypertension, in which the blood pressure becomes too high against the blood vessel wall. It is called a silent killer because you do not analyze or know anything is wrong with your body. The reading of blood pressure contains two numbers. The upper number is symbolic, which measures your blood pressure when your heart beats or contracts. Similarly, the lower number is the diastolic blood pressure which measures the force of blood vessels between beats when your heart relaxes.

 Blood pressure levels

The readings measure blood pressure. The American heart association derived three levels of blood pressure. With the help of these readings, the doctor decides whether the blood pressure is high or low. The table of blood pressure table is given below: The high blood vessels cause severe damage to blood vessels and raise issues like heart failure, vision loss, stroke, kidney disease, and many more.


Systolic-less than 120 mm Hg

Diastolic-less than 80mm Hg

At risk

Systolic-120-139mm Hg

Diastolic-80-89mm Hg

High blood pressure

Systolic-140mm Hg or higher

Diastolic-90mm Hg or higher

\High blood pressure symptoms

Many people don’t have any symptoms of high blood pressure, but when it crosses its average line, the symptoms begin to show. There are signs and symptoms given below. If any person experiences these symptoms should contact their doctors immediately.

High Blood Pressure Symptoms (hypertension symptoms)

In the below table the signs and high blood pressure symptoms are given for your knowledge.

High Blood Pressure Normal symptoms

  • Headache
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred Or Double Vision
  • Nosebleeds
  • Heart Palpitations
  • Breathlessness

High Blood Pressure Symptoms in females

  • Headaches
  • Vision Changes
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Swelling Due To Edema

High Blood Pressure Symptoms in Teens

  • Aspects Of Metabolic Conditions, Such AsType 2 Diabetes
  • Kidney Disease
  • Endocrine Disease, Which Affects The Hormones
  • Vascular Disease, Which Affects The Blood Vessels

High Blood Pressure Symptoms in Children

  • A Headache
  • Fatigue
  • Cognitive Changes Or Changes In Mental Status
  • Vomiting

High Blood Pressure Symptoms in Babies

  • Apnea
  • Irritability
  • Lethargy
  • Feeding Problems
  • Rapid Breathing

What causes high blood pressure?

There are two types of blood pressure, and each has different causes:

  • Primary blood pressure
  • Secondary blood pressure

Primary blood pressure: Primary blood pressure, also called primary hypertension, occurs over time, and this type of blood pressure problem is seen in most people. However, many side effects develop from primary hypertension, which is given below:

  • Genes – Some people have hereditary high blood pressure problems due to mutation and genetic abnormalities
  • Age – Age is an essential factor. It seems that individual who crosses 65 years of their life has more risk for high blood pressure problems
  • Living with obesity – Leads the cardiac issues and also includes hypertension
  • Increased alcohol consumption – The person who drinks daily has a chance of hypertension

Secondary blood pressure or hypertension: Starts quickly and is more dangerous than primary hypertension. It includes the conditions:

  • Kidney disease
  • Obstruction sleep apnea
  • Heart disease
  • Thyroid problem
  • Use of illegal drugs
  • Chronic consumption of alcohol
  • Adrenal gland problems
  • Certain endocrine tumours

How to treat high blood pressure?

Blood pressure treatment depends on o n many factors; doctors also recommend many therapies and tools for high blood pressure. However, to manage blood pressure, the person must change their lifestyle.


Medicines are a source for lowering your blood pressure doctors also recommend high medication for managing blood pressure. These medicine details are only for information purposes and can’t be treated as medical advice. There are many drugs available in the market, which are given below:

  1. Angiotensin-converting enzymes inhibitors – These medicines block some hormonal action that regulates blood pressure, like angiotensin, and also reduce the blood supply to the kidney, making them less effective these medicines have some effects which visible after some time that as fatigue, weakness, and headache, dizziness
  2. Calcium channel blockers – These medicines are responsible for decreasing the calcium levels in blood vessels and relaxing the vascular muscles; however, calcium channel blockers are not suitable for heart disease, liver disease, and blood circulation issues.

These medicines also have some side effects

  • Skin Redness, Generally On The Cheeks Or Neck
  • Headaches
  • Swollen Ankles And Feet
  • Dizziness
  • Fatigue
  • Skin Rash
  • Swollen abdomen, in the rare case
  • Thiazide Diuretics- These medicines help to remove sodium and water from the kidney and lower the blood pressure and volume; however t these medicines also have some side effects :
  • Low Blood Potassium, Which Can Affect Heart And Kidney Function
  • Impaired Glucose Tolerance
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Beta-blockers- This is a popular medicine for the treatment of hypertension, but doctors only advise having this medicine when any other medication is not working. These medicines are responsible for slowing the heart rate and reducing the force of the heartbeat, which causes a drop in blood pressure. These medicines also have some side effects :
  • Fatigue
  • Cold Hands And Feet
  • Slow Heartbeat
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea

Less common side effects are:

  • Disturbed Sleep
  • Nightmares
  • Erectile dysfunction

5- Renin Inhibitors – Reduce renin production. Renin s responsible for producing hormones that narrow blood vessels and raise blood pressure. These medicines also have some side effects:

  • Diarrhoea
  • Dizziness
  • Flu-Like Symptoms
  • Fatigue
  • Cough

Diet for lowering the blood pressure

Managing your diet is the first step towards a healthy life. However, blood pressure problems occur every day, so we share some healthy ways to prevent and treat high blood pressure.

  • Plant-based food- A nutritious diet is incomplete without vegetables and fruits. A balanced diet contains vegetables, foods, omega oils, good quality grains, etc.
  • Lowering salt intake- The doctor recommends reducing the quantity of salt in your meal and increasing potassium intake, which manages or prevents high blood pressure. According to experts, reducing salt to 5-6gm can improve your cardiovascular health.
  • Nutritious fats – Plant-based fats like avocadoes, nuts, oils, and omega oils can provide many benefits.
  • Alcohol – According to some experts consuming alcohol can lower your blood pressure, but you should drink alcohol in a minimum amount.
  • Caffeine – According to the experts, there is a relationship between caffeine and blood pressure intake of coffee is safe for high blood pressure patients.

The dash diet

A dash diet is the best option for a high blood pressure patient. It focuses on an eating plan including whole grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, beans, etc.

Food grains

Number of weekly servings for those eating -1,600- 3,100 calories per day

Number of weekly for those on 2,000 calories per day

Grains and grain proteins









Mostly low fats and dairy foods



Learn meats, fish, and poultry



Nuts, seeds, and legumes



Fats and candy



Home remedies for maintaining the blood pressure

There are many home remedies available that help to reduce blood pressure. It would help if you changed your lifestyle, like managing stress, quitting smoking, taking a nutritious diet, exercising, and many more.

  • Regular exercising– regular exercising is essential, and every person should include it in their lifestyle. Healthy people exercise at least 150 minutes, which is also beneficial for lowering blood pressure.
  • Losing weight – Reducing weight by around 5-10 pounds can help to reduce blood pressure. Also, weight loss help to improve the medication process for lowering blood pressure.
  • Natural remedies – According to the National Centre for Complementary and Integrative Health, there are many natural remedies for treating home remedies like
  • Meditation, performing yoga, qi-gong, and tai-chi
  • Biofeedback and transcendental meditation,
  • Supplements like garlic, flaxseeds, green tea, etc.

Side effects of high blood pressure

High blood pressure has many side effects, which are given below :

  • Cardiovascular system – High blood pressure makes the arteries harder and increases the risk of blockage.
  • Heart- The blockage of arteries can reduce blood flow to the heart and enhance the risk of angina, heart failure, and heart attack.
  • Brain – The blockage of arteries can reduce the blood flow to the brain and enhance the chances of a stroke.
  • Kidney- Due to high blood pressure, there is a big chance of kidney failure and chronic kidney disease.


This article discussed blood pressure, its side effects, medication, and many other things that help lower your blood pressure. Nowadays, high blood pressure has become a comprehensive world problem, and it is the most critical risk factor for cardiovascular health issues which causes death. According to doctors, a healthy diet can maintain your blood pressure, so eat and live healthily.


  • What causes high blood pressure

An unbalanced diet, obesity, age and genetics are the major factors causing high blood pressure.

  • What is normal blood pressure?

Normal blood pressure is a systolic pressure which is less than 120.

  • What are the health problems caused because of high blood pressure

Heart diseases, kidney disease, stroke, eye diseases, etc., are some common health issues arising from high blood pressure.

Prakhar Singh
Prakhar Singhhttps://infojankari.com/
A man who loves writing about health and fitness more than anything. His interest area includes alternative health, education, Yoga and meditation. Whenever he is free from his study, he enjoys writing content to spread knowledge.


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